How do I treat my incision after knee replacement? (2023)

Knee Manipulation Procedures What to Expect

Incisions and wound care after total knee arthroplasty

If you recently aknee replacementSurgery and your regular post-operative physical therapy exercises don't seem to increase your range of motion, your doctor may recommendknee manipulationOperation.

Knee manipulation is performed under general or epidural anesthesia. Beforecommon manipulationand an ice pack is placed on the affected knee to prepare the tissue for the procedure for about 5 minutes. After that, your doctor performs the actual manipulation of the knee, forcing the knee to bend or flex and breaking up the scar tissue around the joint that prevents proper movement.

Knee manipulation takes very little time, but recovery, on the other hand, involves grueling, aggressive, and quite painful physical therapy to increase flexibility and range of motion of the knee. It is absolutely essential that you follow the knee exercise program to achieve at least 110 degrees of knee flexion to perform your daily activities such as walking, stepping and rising from a seated position.

Knee manipulation can help restore flexibility to your knee joints if you commit to a rigorous physical therapy exercise program and follow all of your doctor's instructions.

You can also use an alternative treatment such asDarmmanipulationProcedure.

Get rid of scar tissue on knee scar tissue on knee

If you've had scar tissue that's been on your knee for as long as you'd like to remember, you may be wondering what are the ways to get rid of scar tissue on your knee.

Well, according to the WebMD website, you should wait at least 1 year after surgery before seeking any scar treatment because most scars naturally fade after a while. With that in mind, here are some knee scar tissue treatment options to consider:

Creams: Creams are commonly used to get rid of scars. Your surgeon may prescribe a stronger prescription cream if over-the-counter options aren't right for you. Talk to your surgeon to discuss the most appropriate option for your scar tissue.

Surgical revision:Surgical revision can also be used to reduce scar tissue. Surgical and non-surgical procedures are often combined to change the shape of the scar tissue and make it less prominent.

Dermabrasion:Among the methods of removing scar tissue on the knee, dermabrasion occupies a special place. This involves using an ablative tool to remove the top surface of the scars to stimulate regrowth of new, healthy skin cells. Although dermabrasion is often very effective on raised scars, it has been found to be less beneficial on sunken scars.

MicrodermabrasionIt's a less invasive variant of dermabrasion, but it's usually not very effective for treating deep scars.

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Reasons why some cuts don't heal

Many medical conditions can significantly affect the healing stages and the strength of the final scar. Some of these conditions can be prevented or at least minimized, while others may not be as easy to change. Some of the most common conditions affecting wound healing and strength are:

  • malnutrition
  • obesity
  • from smoking

For these reasons, most joint replacement programs advise people undergoing any type of joint replacement surgery to optimize these conditions prior to surgery.

For example, ensuring the right diet, monitoring blood sugar, drivingrheumatism medicationWeight loss and smoking cessation are steps people can take to reduce the risk of wound healing complications after knee replacement surgery.

Additionally, some surgeons may advise against performing knee replacement surgery in high-risk individuals. While everyone would like to believe that their surgery will go well and without complications, there are people who do better and more safely with non-surgical treatments, especially if they are at high risk of healing complications after knee replacement surgery.

(Video) Incisions and Wound Care After A Total Knee Replacement

Also read:How to get rid of knee fat and cellulite

Reasons why treating scar tissue is important

Once scar tissue has developed, it's important to work to promote healthy tissue as soon as possible before potential problems arise. Scar remodeling makes the injured tissue better able to withstand the stresses and forces that the body is subjected to every day with regular activity.Tissue remodeling can help in three ways:

  • Improve range of motion in joints and surrounding muscles.
  • Restore normal mobility and function

How to maintain your incision after surgery

How do I treat my incision after knee replacement? (1)

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Proper post-operative care of your surgical incisions is a crucial part of your post-operative care and will certainly go a long way in ensuring a positive surgical outcome. It prevents infection or other complications and speeds up your recovery. Here's how you should care for your incision after surgery.

After joint replacement surgery, you will have a 4 to 6 inch incision where the joint was replaced. Immediately after the operation, the incision is covered with a postoperative bandage. The surgical team removes the dressing and replaces it as needed if there is drainage from the incision. Your surgical incision will remain covered and clean throughout your hospital stay.

You are ready for discharge if you can walk independently with an assistive device, walk and climb stairs, have your pain under control, your vital signs and laboratory values ​​are stable, and if necessary, physical therapy has been set up for you. Upon discharge, you will receive prescriptions for all of your new medications as well as detailed discharge instructions.

The postoperative dressing must remain in place for 7 days from the date of surgery. If there is no drainage from the incision site, the bandage is removed after 7 days. Once you no longer need the bandage, it's a good idea to keep your incision clean at home.

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How do I deal with pain and discomfort after joint replacement surgery?

Try to take your pain reliever as soon as you start feeling pain. Don't wait for the pain to become severe. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Remember to take your pain relievers before activity and before bed.

If your stitches or staples need to be removed and you're still taking pain medication, have a friend or family member drive you to your appointment.

Painkillers can cause nausea. If this happens, decrease the amount you are taking or stop and contact your surgeon's office.

If you need additional pain medication, contact your surgeon's office. Give at least a few days notice before you run out of medication. Plan ahead, especially for holiday weekends.

also remember:

  • You must not drive a car while taking narcotic pain medication.
  • The bowel movement can last several days. Anesthetics and pain relievers often cause constipation. Drink plenty of fluids and eat whole grains, fruits and vegetables. A stool softener or laxative may help return bowel function to normal.
  • Don't hesitate to call your surgeon's office if you have any questions or concerns.

cutting care

Walker, crutches, cane

Use your balance aids as directed by your surgeon or therapist. By your first post-operative visit to your surgeon, you may have improved and switched from using a walker or crutches to using a cane.

(Video) How Should I Care for My Wound After Knee Replacement Surgery?

What does the doctor do before revision surgery?

When the decision is made to perform a revision knee replacement, the surgeon will perform a full clinical examination and order laboratory tests. Aspiration of the knee may be necessary if infection is suspected. The aspirated fluid is then sent to a lab for analysis to identify the specific type of infection.

In addition to X-rays, other imaging methods can also be helpful, such as B. Bone scans or . These advanced imaging technologies can reveal changes in the position or condition of prosthetic components and help identify the cause, location and extent of bone loss to help plan an operation.

Also read:Quickly lighten knees

Caring for an incision for knee replacement surgery

Traditional knee replacement surgeries often involve an 8 to 10 incision. It is generally recommended that the incision be covered with a bandage for several days to 2 to 3 weeks.

A surgeon's office will give you detailed instructions on how often to change dressings and how to do it. Generally:

  • The wound should be cleaned and dressings changed daily.
  • Avoid submerging the leg in a bathtub, hot tub, or pool until the wound has properly healed, usually for at least 4 weeks. These activities can increase the risk of infection.
  • Showering is usually fine from 2-3 days after surgery. The incision should not be rubbed or sprayed with water. Instead, it is recommended to run soapy water over the incision, rinse with clean water, and gently pat dry.

A hospital may use a specially designed bandage that can stay in place for a week or more. These bandages are able to absorb blood and moisture to keep the skin clean and dry. The bandages are also antimicrobial and waterproof. They can be used in the shower.

Technical details on knee joint replacement

How to sleep after knee surgery | Knee replacement, injury or surgery

Knee replacement surgery begins with sterile preparation of the skin over the knee to prevent infection. A tourniquet is then inflated to prevent blood loss during the operation.

A well-placed skin incision is then made, usually 6 to 7 inches long although this will vary depending on the patient's size and the complexity of the knee problem, it is made in the front of the knee and the knee joint is inspected.

Then, special alignment rods and cutting templates are used to remove enough bone from the end of the femur, the top of the tibia, and the bottom of the kneecap to allow for the placement of the joint replacement implants. Proper implant size and alignment, as well as knee ligament balance, are essential for normal postoperative function and good pain relief. Again, these steps are complex and it takes a lot of knee replacement experience to ensure they are performed reliably on a case-by-case basis. The components of the temporary implants are placed without bone cement to ensure they fit well to the bone and are well aligned. At this point, good function is checked, including full flexion and extension and balance of the ligaments.

Finally, the bone is cleaned with saline solution and the components of the joint replacement are cemented in place with polymethyl methacrylate bone cement. The surgical incision is closed with stitches and staples.


Duration of total knee arthroplasty

pain and pain management

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Advanced exercises and activities

If you can walk independently again for short distances and a few steps, you can increase your activity. Knee pain before surgery and pain and swelling after surgery have weakened your knee. A full recovery will take many months. The following exercises and activities will help you fully recover.

Also read:What is the best knee runner?

Work on your gait

Before the operation, my leg was bent and I walked with a noticeable limp. Once you start walking after a TKR, you may need to relearn how to walk properly.

My home therapist made sure to walk behind me and reminded me to walk with proper form. On your other walks, ask your caregiver or walking partner to assess your gait.

(Video) Please don't make this mistake after knee replacement

Throw away the old shoes worn out by walking the wrong way.

If you can, film your gait before surgery and have your walking partner film your new gait from time to time.

Also check:Does the Tommie Copper Knee Brace work?

How long does it take for a cut to heal?

Good incision care can help it heal well and prevent infection from developing. In most cases, a surgical incision heals in about two weeks. More complex surgical incisions take longer to heal. If you have other medical conditions or are taking certain medications, your healing time may vary.

Shaking/collecting thighs to treat scar tissue

How do I treat my incision after knee replacement? (2)

Although it sounds too simple, movement of the knees or thighs, also known as soft tissue mobilization, allows the body to break down unnecessary scar tissue. This will help loosen things up on a micro level and prime your knee for the next strategy to promote healthy tissue formation.

The key here is strength. Rest your leg on your bed or other chair and keep your spine neutral. Use a hand or two to vigorously shake/raise your thigh for micro-level results.

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Where will I feel pain during knee replacement?

As mentioned above, knee replacement pain can manifest itself in many different ways, depending on the cause. Knee pain, swelling, bruising and the insertion of prostheses are to be expected as a result of the surgical procedure itself.

In addition, it is possible to feel pain in other parts of the body besides the knee. This is called referred pain.

The hips, lower back, groin, and calves may initially hurt due to the change in your posture and gait. Of course, it's also typical to feel sore in bed during your recovery after a long period of time.

How do I keep my wound clean?

You can clean the skin around the cut with a soft cloth or gauze pad.

First, soak the cloth or gauze in soapy water or a mixture of sterile water and salt. Then gently clean or rub the skin around the wound.

Do not use skin cleansers, antibacterial soaps, alcohol, iodine or peroxide. They can damage the wound skin and delay healing. Also, don't apply herbal lotions, creams, or products unless you've first discussed it with your doctor.

Your doctor will tell you how to wash the wound. You may be told to fill a syringe with salt water or mild soapy water. This will help flush out any pus that drains. Finally dry with a clean gauze swab or a clean cloth.

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(Video) What Will My Incision Look Like After Knee Replacement Surgery?

Knee Replacement Recovery: Tips to Speed ​​Up the Healing Process

11. May 2020

  • Life after knee joint surgery

So you just bought a new knee. Congratulations, you're on your way to a relatively pain-free life! But before you break out your moves at salsa night or climb a flight of stairs, you need to ensure full recovery first. Getting a new metal knee is no walk in the park, and your journey of recovery from knee replacement can be fraught with challenges. Here are some tips to speed up the healing process:

Flexion and extension contracture

The 5 most common mistakes people make after knee replacement

Contracture is a shortening of the muscle itself. So fibrosis is something that, as we speak, is spreading like a spider's web, connecting bone to bone. The contracture is an actual shortening of the muscle, the tendon, from being in a short position for so long. Do you know that you use everything or lose it? That is real. This really happens. So if you don't move that muscle, it's going to contract, it's going to fall short because that's all it had to do. And that's why it sometimes takes longer to strengthen after knee replacement because you probably didn't have that range of motion before surgery.

If you had one knee and that knee was only bent to 70 degrees, then the quad knew it had to function from 70 to zero, and that's all the quad had to do. And the hamstrings only pulled the knee to 70 degrees. You didn't throw it back further, did you? Those muscle fibers that are above 70 degrees on either side of the joint are on vacation, and they like to be on vacation.

And when you ask them to go back to work, it takes them a while to remember what their goal was, what their goal was, what their job was.

Scar tissue and swelling after knee replacement surgery are the biggest challenges for most patients. Do your homework and make a plan for your recovery. With a good physical therapist and the right approach to recovery, you'll be back on your feet in no time.

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Common symptoms after surgery

Your incision will be swollen, bruised, and may be red after surgery. These symptoms are common and part of the healing process. The following symptoms are also common after surgery:

  • Temperatur unter 101.6 F
  • Warmth or numbness around the incision
  • irregular, red, or clear discharge that lasts one to five days

It's important to monitor your symptoms every day to make sure your incision is healing properly.

Sleeping after knee replacement surgery

Knee pain and stiffness can make it difficult to fall asleep. At night, higher doses of pain relievers or stronger pain relievers may be needed to sleep.

It can be dangerous, even life-threatening, to take sleeping pills and pain relievers together. Do not take sleeping pills unless approved by the supervising surgeon.

Getting in and out of bed can be uncomfortable and painful at first. It will be easier and less painful for the first two weeks.

Also read:How much does Aflac pay for knee surgery?

Wear loose, comfortable clothing

As I mentioned earlier, you will have knee braces for about 12 days. Shorts or sports shorts make it easier to put on and keep the fabric out of the wound even with long trousers.

Even after removing the staples, long pants, especially denim pants, can cause discomfort. If you must wear long pants, I recommend lightweight or zippered pants made specifically for post-op. See my article aboutwhat to wear after TKR.

This is another good reason to plan your surgery and recovery in warmer weather when less clothing is needed.

(Video) How To Make A Knee Replacement Scar Look Good and Feel Good.


1. Scar Massage after Total Knee Replacement (TKR).
(The Physio Channel)
2. Scar Tissue Treatment After Total Knee Replacement
(Total Therapy Solution - Physical Therapy)
3. Post operative Knee Replacement Wound Care
(Robert Cagle, MD)
4. Managing Your Scar After Knee Replacement Surgery
(Knee Replacement Therapists)
5. Scar Tissue After A Total Knee Replacement And What Do We Do With It
(Total Therapy Solution - Physical Therapy)
6. What Will My Incision Look Like After Knee Replacement Surgery?
(West Hills Hospital & Medical Center)
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